Before your engine turns and starts, when you enter the car and start your car, a series of steps are required. The starter relay is one of the most critical and often overlooked components in any vehicle ignition system. The starting relay is a small electrical device located in the starting circuit of a large current motor. The relay is just a remote control switch that regulates the current in a high-current circuit. The starter relay in the car uses a moderate ignition switch current to close the much more powerful starter circuit.
The starter relay and the starter solenoid work together to run the starter mechanism in several automotive applications. A starter solenoid circuit can be controlled directly by an ignition switch in some cases. These are usually small vehicles and the starter motor does not require a lot of current to run.
We will tell you everything you need to know about starting relays in this article: their function, their location in the vehicle, and how they work. We also include information about the sign of a bad start relay, how to test it, and how to replace or repair a bad start relay. continue reading.
video. How to test the symptoms of a bad starting relay
2. Starting relay function
Between the vehicle’s battery and the starter motor, the starter relay acts as a circuit completer or circuit breaker. It helps to increase the battery’s current so that less current needs to be ignited. According to the description, this is a switch between the start solenoid and the start motor.
When you turn the ignition key or press the car’s start button, a large current is generated. The starter motor requires considerable current, and the ignition switch cannot be controlled. If there is no relay, it will burn out.
If the starting relay fails, the vehicle may not start. As we will see later, there are many reasons why this component may fail. They also require various treatments according to the nature and severity of the hazard. Some can be repaired, and some require the installation of new relays.
3. How does Starter Relay work with others?
When you turn on the ignition switch, your key activates the starter relay, which sends power to the starter solenoid, and the solenoid sends power to the starter motor.
When you turn on the ignition key, the starter relay transmits small power to the starter solenoid, and the solenoid draws a large current directly from the car battery. This activates the solenoid, which delivers power to the starter motor, and the starter motor rotates the flywheel.
All modern launchers follow this procedure. In order for the starter to engage and turn the flywheel, power is sent to the starter relay via the solenoid.When starting your car, the starting relay is essential.
4. Starting relay position
The location of the start relay varies by vehicle type and model. The fuse box (also called the power box), the instrument panel under the fuse panel, or the right fender are all possible locations. In most cars, it will be under the hood, in a large box with a black lid. This is where car fuses and relays are installed. It is also called a fuse box. This box is usually installed on the driver’s side of the vehicle.
Wires go in and out of the relay. However, many other relays have similar appearances in cars. The fuse box with the starter relay installed under the dashboard may be difficult to find or even remove. It may not be difficult to locate the starting relay attached to the fender wall. These relays are usually cylindrical and can be identified by their mounting posts and leads. If you are not sure which one is the starting relay, please refer to your service manual.
5. Symptoms of starter relay failure
The starter relay, like other mechanical and electronic components in your car, will show signs of failure before it finally stops. Some signs of damaged or worn starter relays are listed below. If you see these warning signs, please make an appointment with a local ase-certified mechanic to conduct a thorough inspection of your car, as these symptoms may indicate a problem with other components.
When we turn off the ignition switch, both the starting solenoid and the motor should stop working. When the starter relay doesn’t operate in this order, the engine won’t start. It is likely that the main contacts are already welded together, in the closed position. If this happens, the starter relay will be trapped in the start position, causing damage to the starter, circuit, relay and drive flywheel, if not dealt with immediately.
1) The vehicle cannot be started
The failure of a car to start is one of the most obvious signs of a car breakdown. Although many potential failures may prevent the car from starting, the failure of the starting relay is often the source of the problem. To understand why, we must first understand the function of the starter relay better.
When you turn the ignition key, your battery is shaken, releasing a burst of electrical energy. The starter motor is triggered by this energy and turns your engine. A starting relay completes the circuit before reaching the starter motor, but also increases battery current when it passes through it.
A defective starter relay will prevent your battery from delivering electrical signal to your starter motor. Therefore, no matter how many times you turn the key, your engine will not start. When you turn the key, if the circuit is not broken, you may hear a click. In either case, you should get professional help to evaluate the symptoms and accurately diagnose the cause.
2)The start relay remains open after the engine is started
The starting relay and the starting solenoid send current to the ignition switch when you turn on your ignition.The starter motor rotates the flexible board to start the engine, and the solenoid supplies power to the flexible board.
When we turn off the ignition switch, both the starting solenoid and the motor should stop working. The main contacts of the starter relay are probably already welded together, in the closed position, if it does not operate in this order, the relay keeps the engine started. If this happens, the starter relay will be trapped in the start position, causing damage to the starter, circuit, relay and drive flywheel, if not dealt with immediately.
It usually happens when the relay touches anything or is exposed to a lot of electricity. Because this problem may damage the entire boot system, it must be diagnosed and dealt with immediately.
3) The starter makes a clicking sound
Relays usually operate on an all-or-nothing basis. It either sends the entire current, or it sends nothing. However, when the starter relay is destroyed, only a part of the signal can be sent.
The starter relay makes a clicking sound, but the engine does not rotate, which indicates that the starter motor is not receiving enough current from the relay. This may also be a sign of low or exhausted battery power. Only when it transmits enough current to the starter, the relay starts to work. Smaller power may damage the entire starting device or cause the vehicle to fail to start, accompanied by annoying clicking sound.
Both of these conditions may be caused by corroded or aging relays with damaged contacts. Cleaning the contact points to ensure the correct flow or replacing the old relay are the only two options for repair. Scrape the corroded surface of the relay with sandpaper or a gravel scraper. You can replace the relay to get a larger output, or you can contact a professional mechanic.
4)The vehicle starts intermittently
When the starter relay is working, it transmits power to the starter every time it is turned on. However, debris, dirt and high temperatures can contaminate this ingredient. Corrosion and residues in the circuit restrict the flow of current. Due to these conditions, the starting relay may be forced to work intermittently.
The starter relay is the basic component of the ignition system and has very few moving components, which is why it rarely fails. However, when it happens, it is due to conductivity issues. If the relay is not malfunctioning, there may be a damaged or corroded wire connection under the hood.
6. How to test the starting relay?
- Fully charged battery
- A portable jumper cable manufacturing technology
- Baking soda, water and wire brush
Safety glasses and gloves
Ensure that the car is parked safely and the transmission is in neutral or parked state. When working under the hood, you don’t want the vehicle to move forward accidentally.
Before testing, prepare a fully charged battery and a portable jumper. Or, you can check your car battery to make sure it is fully charged and not the source of your problem. During the whole test, please pay attention to how to connect the jumper cable to the battery terminal.
Check the connection terminals on the battery and starter. Make sure they are free of rust, oil, dust and debris. Before cleaning corroded terminals, disconnect the negative battery cable and set it aside. Remove the battery positive cable from the battery and set it aside. Take care to prevent the cables from accidentally contacting the battery terminals. Use baking soda, water and a wire brush to clean the rusty terminals. If necessary, clean the starter terminal. If possible, disconnect the battery cable.
The cable from the starting solenoid to the starting relay should be followed. There are four terminals on the relay. Two smaller wires are used to “turn on” the relay and come from the critical switching circuit. Two larger wires connect from the battery to the starter, carrying the battery voltage. Remove the wires from the starter relay and mark the two smaller wires so that they can be reconnected appropriately. Connect one end of the jumper wire to the chassis ground. Terminal 86 should be connected to the other end.
Connect a jumper wire to the positive terminal of the battery. Since the connection between the battery and the starter has been cut off, the jumper can be connected for a short time. A digital voltmeter should be used to measure the resistance between terminals 30 and 87. Its resistance should be less than 1 ohm. If the resistance is greater than 1 ohm, the relay does not work. The relay needs to be replaced.
7. How to replace the starting relay?
Install a jumper wire between the positive and negative terminals of the battery. You can now leave the jumper connection for a short time now that the battery connection to the starter has been disconnected. Between terminals 30 and 87, measure the resistance with a digital voltmeter. A resistance of less than 1 ohm is required. If the resistance is greater than 1 ohm, the start relay will not work. The relay must be replaced.
Material preparation: safety glasses, safety thread
Tools: pliers, wrenches, wires
1) How to disassemble the starting relay correctly?
You can open the hood and disconnect the negative connection of the battery if it is a fuse box to start the relay. Next find the fuse box. Usually a box with a black lid. If you cannot find the starting relay, please use the instructions. Determine the position of the starting relay according to the information on the fuse box cover. Then, remove the starting relay.
If it is a mud wall relay, follow the method below to get rid of it. First, use a wrench to remove the battery terminals. Second, disconnect the leads connected to the relay terminals. Use a wrench to remove the bolts connecting the wires to the relay column. Two large and two small pillars serve as connection points. Third, remove the relay from the mudguard by unscrewing the mounting screws.
2) How to install the starting relay
The process of installing the fuse box starter relay is simple. There are no nuts or screws to tighten, and no need to worry about torque.
Bring your new relay. Push the relay in slowly and slowly until it reaches the end of the valve seat, matching the pins with the slots in the fuse box. Close the lid and reconnect the battery terminals that were disconnected when the old relay was removed.
Follow the steps below to install the start relay on the mudguard.
Place the relay on the mounting surface and fix it there. By inserting and tightening the screws, attach the relay to the fender wall. Install the starter circuit and battery wires, taking care not to connect the wrong wires to the wrong poles. Reconnect the battery cable that was disconnected before.
After the installation is complete, test and start the system. There should be no difficulty in starting this car. If this is the case, check the wires and connections. Make sure the connection is firm and the fender wall start relay is wired correctly. If you can’t figure out the problem, you need to look at the other components of the boot system. Or, ask a mechanic to check the car.
3) Wiring of starting relay
The wire is installed on the connecting post of the starter relay mounted on the fender. Usually, these leads are connected during the installation process. The relay must be wired correctly in order to work safely. This picture shows how to connect a four-connection starter relay
Disconnect the positive terminal of the battery. To avoid accidents, please fix the bare end. You can do it with tape.
Thick start solenoid cables can be found here. Connect it to a large stud or upright of the relay. Tighten the mounting bolts to secure the connection. Because the starter relay has no polarity, which large one do you connect the wire to
Prepare ignition switch wiring. They are usually thinner than starting cables because they only carry a limited amount of current. One of the two wires should be connected to a small stud on the relay. Connect the remaining small post to another wire.
In some relay races there is only one small post. If this is the case, connect the ignition wire to the mounting screw or bolt. Any other part of a relay housing can also be connected to it. This is because a small terminal of the relay is usually grounded.
Connect the remaining thick wires to a single huge stud or pole. This is the cable connecting the positive terminal of the battery.
Finally, turn on the ignition switch to test the relay wire. There should be no difficulty in starting the engine and cranking. If it still doesn’t work, check the wires again to make sure that each cable is connected to the correct terminal and securely.
In the vehicle that needs to start the relay, it is very important to check whether the start relay is normal. This is a standard aspect of vehicle daily maintenance. It can save you from getting into trouble and being trapped in remote places. The first step is to understand how relays work and how to identify failed relays early.
We hope this starter relay guide has provided you with enough knowledge to help you solve the starter relay problem that caused the car’s starting problem. You can now recognize the signs of starting relay failure and how to test it.
9. Frequently asked questions about starting relay
1) Can you fix the starting relay?
If the starter relay fails, you will not be able to start the engine. Damage to the starter relay is usually caused by a short circuit due to a poor power connection on the starter. Relays that are not working cannot be removed for repair; in order to start the engine, you must install a new one.
2) Is it easy to replace the starting relay?
With the right tool and knowledge of what wire to connect to which terminal, the process of replacing the starter relay should be easy. Fuse box relays are easier. It usually involves unplugging the old relay and then plugging in the new relay.
3) What is the cost of starting relay replacement?
Excluding the cost of starting the relay, it is expected to pay about $30. Adding the cost of purchasing the components, the total cost of installing a new relay is approximately $50.
4)How long does the starting relay last?
Normally, the starting relay will last more than 100 miles. These parts are durable, with only a few moving parts, so wear is minimal. The biggest threat to the life of the starting relay is usually the contact burnout.
5)Is the starting relay the same as the starting solenoid?
In most cases, a real starter relay is a small black cube plugged into the electrical fuse/relay box in the engine room, and the starter solenoid (in most cases) is directly connected to the starter on the engine (although it Sometimes located elsewhere in the engine room).